Perham Stream Bridge

Perham Stream Bridge


Backwoods trail riders take note. The official opening for the Perham Stream Bridge on the multi-use trail in Madrid is happening on Saturday, August the 27th at 12 pm. The bridge is at the confluence of Perham and Orbeton Streams in Madrid Township and is a major crossing on the ITS 84/89 snowmobile trails and the Moose Loop ATV trail. This long-awaited, much needed, single-span steel girder bridge replaces a previous bridge which had been damaged during Hurricane Irene.

A ribbon cutting ceremony, complete with free hot dogs and burgers, is the final stage of a three-year collaborative process between the High Peaks Alliance, North Franklin Snowmobile Club, Narrow Gauge Riders ATV club, landowner Mark Beauregard and others. Funding for the bridge included grants from Maine’s Recreational Trails Program (RTP), the Franklin County TIF program and the Betterment Fund. The contractor for the project was N.F. Luce under the direction of Brian Luce. The trail only needed to be closed for one week while the old bridge was removed and the new one was installed. The bridge is now open for public motorized and non-motorized recreation with a vehicle width restriction of 60” (exceptions being made for snowmobile trail groomers). Food and supplies for the event have been donated by local businesses, The White Elephant in Strong, Edmunds Market in Phillips, and the Coca-Cola Bottling Co Distributor in Farmington.

Maine’s multi-use ITS 84/89 trail crosses the Orbeton Stream parcel, an area of working forest conserved through a conservation easement in 2015 secured by the Trust for Public Lands with funding from the Forest Legacy and Land for Maine’s Future programs and many generous donors. The High Peaks Alliance served as a local partner for the Trust for Public Land in establishing the easement which preserves public access to this beautiful trail for riders, bikers, and hikers.


The celebration will be happening at the site of the Perham Stream Bridge. Parking for the event will be on Reeds Mill Road near the intersection with ITS 84/89. Additional parking is available near the Madrid Trail Head of the Fly Rod Crosby Trail Those attending can walk, or take an ATV to the bridge from Reeds Mill Road. A truck will also be available to shuttle people to and from the bridge.

Take Route 4 to Madrid and turn onto Reeds Mill Road. Continue for just under five miles. You will pass the Star Yoga Barn on the left, the ITS 84/89 intersection is at the bottom of the hill and across the bridge.

Vision for the Fly Rod Crosby Footpath

Vision for the Fly Rod Crosby Footpath     by     Bud Godsoe.

The High Peaks Alliance proposes the construction of a footpath to commemorate the life and accomplishments of Cornelia T. Crosby, known to sports enthusiasts as Fly Rod Crosby. The southern tip of the path is Strong Maine, where she was buried, continues north to Phillips where she was born in 1854, and from there to Rangeley, ending in Oquossoc where she learned her outdoor skills. Her legacy extends beyond hunting and fishing and has significance for recognizing the High Peaks’ potential for tourism, economic development, and conservation.

Fly Rod Crosby was known first for her hunting and fishing abilities. Her competence in the woods earned her local and national respect. She was interested not just as she claimed in catching more fish than any other woman in Maine, but also in the making sure hunting and fishing would last into perpetuity. She worked with others to establish the Maine guides. In fact, Fly Rod was Maine Guide number one.

Fly Rod Crosby became interested in the outdoors largely for health reasons. She combined her writing skills with her interests in the outdoors into marketing Maine for “sports”. She wrote articles about hunting and fishing for the Phillips Phonograph and the Maine Woods. Her newspaper articles and travels made her one of the early promoters of Maine tourism. She attended sportsman’s shows out of state, demonstrating fly-tying and casting. She traveled widely and met other famous people even touring with Annie Oakley of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. She promoted the Central Maine Railway as a way to get to Maine including the Narrow Gauge Railway of Franklin County.

Today, we feel the efforts of Fly Rod Crosby are not only important for supporting the development of outdoor recreation, tourism, and health awareness, but also for uniting communities in the High Peaks area. Her life connects town and townships along the Sandy River from Strong to the Lady of the Lakes Chapel in Oquossoc, where Fly Rod had a hand in fundraising.

 We can acknowledge her contributions to history and cultural events by highlighting the history of the towns along the footpath, the sportsman’s’ camps, small town newspapers, the early railroad system in Maine, and unsung Maine women. In keeping with Fly Rod’s legacy we propose a footpath that ties the Strong, Phillips and Rangeley communities to share a common history, culture and to promote outdoor activities.

Impacts of Tourism

ADDRESSING IMPACTS: The Benefits and Costs of Tourism Adapted From, “Community Tourism Development Manual University of Minnesota Tourism Center, 2001”

Tourism generates jobs and income and contributes to the economic health and vitality of a community or county.

Like any development activity, tourism also generates social, economic, and environmental impacts.

Communities often focus on only one type of impact, usually economic, that a development project might generate.

The accurate assessment of both costs and benefits helps communities avoid problems and maintain community support for growth. Planning discussions allow communities to put the whole range of impacts on the table, assess who will and will not benefit, and facilitate a compromise that results in mutual benefit.

The following cost and benefits framework from the University of Minnesota Tourism Center’s Community Tourism Development Manual provides information on the “common economic, social and environmental impacts that communities face as a result of hosting visitors, as well as community strategies that can help mitigate costs.”

Economic Impacts of Tourism

Economic Benefits

• Brings new money into the community • Helps diversify and stabilize the local economy • Attracts additional businesses and services to support tourism industry • Maybe a catalyst for other industries and bring capital investment to area • Creates local jobs and new business opportunities • increase expansion and retention of existing businesses • Contributes to the state and local tax base • Helps support local businesses that might not survive on resident income alone

Economic Costs

• Imposes organizational and operational costs to develop tourism • Places demands on public infrastructure that may exceed what the local tax base can support • May inflate property values and the price of goods and services • Requires customer service training of employees, business owners, and community residents • Maybe cyclical and impacted by forces outside the community’s control • Reduces local economic benefits if developers come from outside the community • May causes economic and employment distortions if development is not geographically balanced

Techniques to Minimize Economic Costs

• Use tourism development as a supplement to, not a substitute for, other sources of economic activity • Use local capital, goods, services, labor, and expertise whenever possible • Involve both public and private sectors in development process • Provide financial incentives and training to foster local business ownership • Implement tourism awareness programs for local businesses • Establish programs to ensure affordable housing for residents

Environmental Impacts of Tourism

Environmental Benefits

• Fosters conservation and preservation of natural, cultural, and historical resources • Increase local environmental awareness • May encourage community beautification, revitalization, and environmental quality • May improves local urban/rural landscapes through facilities development • May stimulate improvements in infrastructure (airports, roads, water, waste, sewage) • Maybe cleaner than other industries

Environmental Costs

• May cause environmental hazards due to poor land use planning and facility design • May create land use problems, add to urban and rural sprawl • May degrade quality of natural and historic sites • May increase water, air, and noise pollution • May result in visual/architectural pollution • May create solid waste problems • May bring overcrowding and traffic congestion

Techniques to Minimize Environmental Costs

• Implement land use planning and zoning laws prior to tourism development • Design hotels and tourist facilities to reflect local architectural styles • Set standards for water, sewage, and power supplies that encourage conservation • Establish guidelines for local carrying capacity and limits of acceptable change • Implement visitor use and management plans for cultural, historic, and natural attractions • Organize proper building, park, and landscaping maintenance for public areas • Establish conservation/protected areas to prevent growth in ecologically sensitive areas • Execute environmental public awareness programs for visitors and residents

Social Impacts of Tourism

Social Benefits

• Supports development of community facilities and other local improvements • May enhance community’s “sense of place” through cultural/historic celebration • Encourages civic involvement and community pride • May help maintain cultural identity of minority populations that are dying out • May facilitate renewed interest in traditional lifestyles among younger residents • Provides cultural exchange between hosts and guests • Promotes peace and understanding

Social Costs

• May introduce lifestyles, ideas, and behaviors that conflict with those of residents • May create crowding, congestion, and increased crime • May encourage “trinketization” of local arts and crafts • Brings residents new competition for services and recreation opportunities • May create conflict among residents if benefits are unequally distributed • May produce a “demonstration effect” (Imitation of visitors’ behaviors and spending patterns), resulting in loss of cultural pride • May create racial tension and resentment between hosts and guests

Techniques to Minimize Social Costs

• Inform residents about both the benefits and costs of tourism • Establish quality controls to maintain authenticity of handicrafts and cultural activities • Plan tourism based on goals, values, and priorities identified by residents • Ensure residents have convenient access to tourist attractions, facilities, and services • Strictly control drugs, crime and prostitution • Use selective, target marketing to draw the right kinds of tourists • Educate and train local residents to work at all levels of tourism • Have ongoing public awareness programs about tourism

The application of sustainable tourism in practice means understanding and addressing the costs and benefits of tourism.

This also means that a community has to find the means to balance economic, social and environmental needs while minimizing negative impacts.

In practice, the goal is to maximize benefits and reduce the costs that tourism, like any industry, can bring to a community.

This requires a community to pay particular attention to the tourism development process and see where the changes begin to occur so that they can adopt development strategies to help prevent or minimize the costs.

Further information on community tourism development and sustainable tourism can be found at the University of Minnesota Tourism Center , order the Community Tourism Manual at

Information prepared by Roger Merchant, Extension Educator Natural Resources, Tourism, Community Development University of Maine Cooperative Extension 165 East Main Street, Dover-Foxcroft, ME 04426 207-564-3301

Posted for High Peaks Alliance by Lloyd Griscom to understand the impacts of tourism and various mitigation strategies so we can be proactive. Thank you, Roger Merchant, for the information on this subject.